A Question of Toxicity: Graphene Oxide Removal

A Question of Toxicity: Graphene Oxide Removal

There has been a lot of discussion about Graphene Oxide and its possible connection with certain vaccines that are being distributed. While the Spanish study concluded there appeared to be a derivative compound present, they did not absolutely conclude its existence because they didn’t have enough of a sample to conduct the necessary parallel tests to establish the fact.

One group have taken this probable presence and warned many people to avoid the vaccines because they are at risk from the secret contents. Others have denounced the claims and said this is simply fake news.

What is Graphene Oxide?

Graphene oxide is a material formed by carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen in variable rations done by exposing the 2D material graphite with chemicals such as oxidizers and acids. A 2017 study published in the Carbon journal examined various samples from different laboratories, with each sample synthesized through varying methods. Graphene oxide generally retains the layer structure of its parent graphite.

As for the material being a health risk, a 2016 study in the Particle and Fibre Toxicology shows that graphene-base materials such as graphene oxide could cause dose-dependent toxicity, such as injuries to the liver and kidney, formation of lung granuloma, decreased cell viability, and cell apoptosis or pre-programmed cell death. In their in vivo studies, researchers report graphene oxide not causing “obvious toxicity” in mice exposed to low dose (0.1 mg) and middle dose (0.25 mg). However, there was chronic toxicity at higher doses (0.4 mg). It was found to be mainly deposited in the lungs, liver, spleen, and kidneys. Additionally, researchers report difficulty in cleansing the material out of the body.

However, the main concern is whether this material – which has also been used in a variety of industrial applications – is actually present in the COVID-19 vaccines, specifically those of Pfizer and AstraZeneca.

(from Science Times)

Either way, graphene oxide is not something you probably want exposure to and the recent approval in the UK of graphene oxide in water treatment has raised some questions.

So, is it there or is it not?

If you read some articles, you will be lead to believe that the vaccines contain 99.9% graphene oxide. However, this is based on a report by a Spanish University that does not unequivocally state this. The conclusions in the study are:

  1. Microscopic study of the sample provides strong evidence for the probable presence of graphene derivatives, although microscopy does not provide conclusive evidence. The definitive identification of graphene, oxidized graphene (GO) or reduced oxidized graphene (rGO) in the RD1 sample requires the STRUCTURAL CHARACTERIZATION through the analysis of specific spectral standard sample comparable to those published in literature and those obtained from the standard sample, obtained with spectroscopic techniques such as XPS, EDS, NMR, FTIR or Raman, among others.
  2. The analyzes in this report correspond to ONE SINGLE SAMPLE, limited in total volume
    available for processing. It is therefore necessary to carry out a significant sampling of similar
    vials to draw conclusions that can be generalized to comparable samples, recording origin,
    traceability and quality control during storage and transport prior to analysis.
  3. The spectrum reveals the presence of a high quantity of substances or substances other than RNA with maximum absorption in the same region, with a total estimated at 747 ng / ul (uncalibrated estimate).

It is this last point that others have seized on and equated directly to being 99.9% graphene oxide, though this conclusion is not drawn in the report.

Additionally, the AP secured a response from the University of Almeria, which denied involvement in the supposed exposé. In its own statement, originally in Spanish, the University expressed support for COVID-19 vaccines and disavowed the results from the study of one of its professors. Also, the report, which is not yet peer-reviewed and not officially published, includes a disclaimer that the findings do not represent any institutional position for the University.

Can Graphene Oxide be Removed?

Without getting hung up on the theories and denials and the whole debate about “the truth,” graphene oxide can be toxic but it appears it can be dealt with.

There is an interesting article here that discusses this in much more depth but it’s good to know about the accessible options.

In short, around 300 clinical studies conducted by the Spanish and others in different universities conclude there are two things that can eliminate graphene oxide: N-acetylcysteine or glutathione, and high doses of Vitamin D. What glutathione does is counteract free radicals and oxidants, all the toxins that can enter the body.

As we age, we have less of these compounds in our bodies and we can be more susceptible to toxins. Maintaining a balanced intake of minerals and nutrients is key to maintaining a healthy body.