Discover lost ancient civilisations that still puzzle archaeologists

Discover lost ancient civilisations that still puzzle archaeologists

Source: Gulf News

We learn about the Nok, the Bell Beakers, and the golden kingdom of Silla.

nok
An erected Nok terracotta sculpture in Kwoi, Nigeria, shows the creative flair of the ancient civilisation. Image Credit: Wikimedia Commons/Zbobai

We know of the ancient Egyptians through their pyramids, the ancient Greeks through their sculptures and ruins, and the Mayans through their temples and famous calendar. But there are several other ancient civilisations that are not as well known.

Here are three long-lost cultures that aren’t as famous as their counterparts:

1. The Silla

silla
Crowns of Silla, found on Seobongchong and housed in the Gyeongju National Museum in South Korea.Image Credit: Wikimedia Commons/National Museum of Korea

Considered to be one of the longest-standing royal dynasties ever, the Silla kingdom ruled the Korean peninsula between 57BC and 935AD. However, with very few burial sites left behind, archaeologists have had a hard time learning about this culture. What they have found, however, has been a revelation – the Silla was known at the time, as a kingdom of gold. Exquisite regalia, belonging to royalty, was discovered in tombs, along with unique treasures – all crafted in gold, since the precious metal was considered to be a symbol of supreme power.

2. The Nok

The Nok culture existed between 1,000BC and 300AD in what is today, northern Nigeria. According to the US-based Metropolitan Museum of Art website, evidence of this civilisation was unearthed by accident, during a tin mining operation in 1943. Miners found a terracotta head, and since then, many more such sculptures have emerged, indicating a rich, creative community.

3. The Bell Beakers

This civilisation is so obscure, archaeologists named it based on its artefacts alone. The Bell Beaker culture is known for its pottery vessels, shaped like upside-down bells. This community lived across Europe between 2,800BC and 1,800BC. The Bell Beakers are thought to have contributed to the construction at Stonehenge in Wiltshire, England. They also left behind copper artefacts and graves in places like Czechia.

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